经典例句巧辨高中易错易混英语词汇50组

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单词的意义、搭配及其运用是高中英语词汇教学的主要内容,其中一些词义的辨析是很令人头疼的,而且也很难记得明白。蔡章兵教授提到如果能在一个句子中将几个词的词义差异部分同时展示出来,这样的例句在英语的教学中起着事半功倍的作用。如:

1、hunting is allowed in this area, though not officially permitted.这个地区是可以狩猎的,尽管法律上不允许。allow指“听凭”,“不禁止”,含有消极的意味。permit指正式地“允许”或根据法律规定“许可”, 比allow来得积极。

2、i received his gift from him, but i didn’t accept it .我收到他的礼物,但我没有接受。

3、you should be ashamed of your shameful behaviors.你应该为你的可耻的行为感到羞愧。

4、the boss insisted that the man had stolen the money and insisted that he (should) leave the company at once.老板坚持说那个人偷了钱并坚持要求他立刻离开公司。

5、there are so many cakes for me to choose from that i can’t make up my mind which to choose.有那么多的蛋糕可供从中选择,我无法决定选择哪一个。

6、be sure to get to the airport on time, and make sure everything is ready before you start.务必要准时到机场并且确保在出发前一切都准备好了。

7、it seemed that she was not a bit worried, but in fact, she was not a little worried about it.表面看来她似乎一点也不担心,事实上她非常担心。

8、he felt so sleepy that he soon fell asleep.他觉得很瞌睡很快就睡着了。

9、i called at his house, but he wasn’t in. so i left a message telling him that i would call on him the next day.我到他家拜访,可他不在家。所以我留下口信告诉他第二天再去拜访他。

10、i know him, but when i saw him last night, i could hardly recognize him.我知道他,但当我昨天见到他的时候几乎没认出他来。

11、the motor cost me 4300 yuan. but i don’t think it’s worth that much.这辆摩托花了我4300元,但认为它不值这个钱。

12、they got married in 1995. so far they have been married for 10 years.他们是1995年结的婚(瞬间动作),到现在已经结婚(延续动作)十年了。

13、when she found her necklace missing, she knew that the necklace was lost forever.当她发现项链不见了便知道它再也找不着了。

14、don’t believe what he says. work hard and believe in yourself, and you’ll succeed one day.不要相信他说的话,努力学习,相信你自己,你会成功的。

15、he cut down the tree and cut it up for winter use.他把树砍倒并砍碎准备过冬用。

16、the sailor has rich experience and he often tells us his interesting experiences.这水手有丰富的经验,他经常给我们讲他有趣的经历。

17. i was greatly moved by this moving story. 我被这个感人的故事深深感动了。

18、i’m very pleased with my own cooking .it has a pleasant smell and i’m sure it will please my husband.我对自己做的菜感到满意,菜闻起来不错,肯定能令丈夫高兴的。

19、the boy lied that a hen was lying under the tree laying eggs.那男孩撒谎说有只母鸡(躺)在树下生蛋。

20、my suitcase contains some clothes, including a few sweaters and trousers.我箱子里面有些衣服,包括几件毛衣和几条裤子。

附:the whole book contains 12units, including two mainly revisions.整个这本书有十二个单元,包括两个单元的总复习。

21、these shoes cost too much. what’s more, they are much too small for me.这鞋花费太多,而且我穿着太小。

附:i’ve got too much work to do on a much too cold winter night.在一个非常寒冷的冬夜,我有太多的工作要做。

22、i can’t think of his name, but i’ll think about what he has said to me.我想不起他的名字,但我会考虑他跟我说过的话。

23、i used to rise very late during the summer vacation, but i’ve got used to getting up very early .我(过去)在暑假期间常常起得很晚,但现在习惯了起得很早。

24、he is sitting in the front of the car and can see a pond clearly in front of the car.他坐在轿车前部可以清楚地看见有一个池塘在前面。

25、last year, my total income, with my reward added to, added up to 15000yuan.去年我的总收入,加上奖金,总计为一万五千元。

26、the bed made of wood is mad up of three separate parts.这张(由)木制的床由三部分组成。

27、japan lies to the east of china in the east of asia. it faces the pacific on the east.日本在亚洲东部(范围内),中国东面(不接壤),东临太平洋(接壤)。

28、we were all deeply shocked when we heard that some workers were deep in the well.当我们得知一些工人被深埋井下时都深感震惊。

29、his life was in danger when facing the dangerous tiger.面对危险的老虎,他的生命处于危险之中。

30、he lives alone in a lonely mountain village, but he doesn’t feel lonely.他独自一人住在一个偏僻的山村里,但并不觉得孤独。

31、——david has made great progress recently.最近戴维进步很大。

——so he has, and so have you.他确实进步很大,你也是。

32、gibert discovered electricity, but edison invented the light bulb.吉波特发现了电,然而是爱迪生发明了电灯。

33、for once we heard a loud noise so we stood at once.有一次我们听到一声巨响,都立刻站了起来。

34、i read the newspaper and read of his death.我读了报纸,得知他死去的消息。

35、she looked for her cellphone everywhere and found it at last.她到处找她的手机,最后找着了。

36、whatever david says sounds right to helen. that’s why she has made up her mind to live with him whatever (no matter what) happens.对海伦来说,无论戴维说什么(名词性从句)都是对的。这就是为什么她决心无论发生什么事(状语从句)都要和他在一起。

37、an ordinary worker in beijing earns 1800 yuana month, which is common nowadays.北京一个普通工人一个月能赚一千八百元,如今也很常见了。

38、he went specially to see her in such an especially hot summer.在这样一个特别炎热的夏天,他特意地去看她。

39、a respectable man is one who is worthy of being respected.一个令人尊敬的人是值得受人尊敬的。

40、though he is not young any longer, he has a youthful attitude towards life.尽管他已不再年轻,他对人生仍有年轻人般的态度。

41、one may have a character, but may have many characteristics, all of which constitute one’s character.一个人可能只有一种“性格”,但可能有多种“特征,特点”,所有这些“特征特点”便构成了一个人“总的特征,品质”。

42、it is possible(有可能) but not probable (很可能)that it will rain before evening.傍晚前可能下雨,但不见得会下。

43、electronic games don’t have many effects on grown-ups but affect students a great deal.电子游戏对成年人影响不大,但是对学生影响很大。

44、sometimes changes take place in matter and the substances never return to their former condition.有时物质(总称,不可数)发生变化,(这些具体的物质,可数)再也不会恢复到原来的状态。

45、the doctor treated her headache with a new medicine, but didn’t cure her. 医生用一种新药为她治头痛,但没把她治好。

46、he worked no more than (仅仅,只有)a week, so he could get not more than (至多,不超过)100 yuan. 他只干了一个星期,因此他至多能得到一百元。

47、i used to be dependent on my parents. now i’m independent of them. 我从前一切都依赖父母,现在我独立了。

48、you may be tired with reading, but you should not be tired of it. 看书可能使你疲劳,但不应该对看书感到厌烦。

49、here is another tip: don’t touch the tip with the tips of your fingers. 还有一条提示:别用手指尖摸小费。

50、he is shooting at a bird, but he doesn’t shoot it.他向一只鸟射击,但没有射中。

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