定语从句 知识讲解 什么是定语从句

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定语从句 知识讲解 什么是定语从句
定语从句 知识讲解 什么是定语从句

定语从句 知识讲解 什么是定语从句
答:定语从句一.定语从句的功用和结构在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句.被定语从句修饰的词叫做先行词.定语从句必须放在先行词之后.引导定语从句的关联词有关系代词和关系副词.例如:This is the present that he gave me for my birthday.Do you know everybody who came to the party?I still remember the night when I first came to the village?This is the place where Chairman Mao once lived.二.关系代词和关系副词的功用关系代词和关系副词用来引导定语从句,在先行词和定语从句之间起纽带作用,使二者联系起来.关系代词和关系副词又在定语从句中充当一个成分.关系代词做主语,宾语,定语,关系副词可作状语.1.作主语:关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数须和先行词一致.例如:I don’t like people who talk much but do little.The cars which are produced in HubeiProvince sell very well.2.作宾语She is the person that I met at the school gate yesterday.The book that my grandmother gave me is called “The Great Escape”.3.作定语关系代词whose在定语从句中作定语用.例如:What’s the name of the young man whose sister is a doctor?The girl whose father is a teacher studies very hard.4.作状语I’ll never forget the day when I first came to Beijing.This is the house where I was born.三.各个关系代词和关系副词的具体用法1.who 指人,在定语从句中作主语.例如:The person who broke the window must pay for it.The boy who is wearing the black jacket is very clever.2.whom指人,在定语从句中作宾语.例如:Do you know the young man (whom) we met at the gate?Mr.Lee (whom) you want to see has come.3.whose 指人,在定语从句中作定语.例如:The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.I know the boy whose father is a professor.4.which指物,在定语从中作主语或宾语.例如:A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words.Here is the book (which) the teacher mentioned yesterday.5.that多指物,有时也指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语.例如:I’ve read the newspaper that(which) carries the important news.Who is the person that is reading the newspaper over there?6.when 指时间,在定语从句中作状语.